Installation Instructions

Step 1: Download Craft

Craft can be downloaded with Composer or by manually downloading a zip or tar.gz archive. The end result will be the same, so go with whichever route you feel more comfortable with.

Downloading with Composer

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You should be running Composer 1.3.0 or later. You can find out your installed version of Composer by running composer -V from your terminal. If that outputs something lower than 1.3.0, run composer self-update to update your Composer installation.

To create a new Craft project, run this command (substituting <Path> with the path where Composer should create the project):

composer create-project craftcms/craft <Path>

Composer will take a couple minutes to load everything. Once it’s done you will be shown a success message:

The success message shown after loading Craft with Composer

Downloading an Archive File Manually

Download the archive format you prefer to work with:

Extract the archive wherever you want your new Craft project to live.

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If you’re on macOS, be careful not to lose the hidden files in there (.env, .env.example, .gitignore, and web/.htaccess). You can press Command+Shift+. to toggle hidden file visibility in Finder.

Directory Structure

Once Craft’s files are in place, your project directory should have a directory structure like this:

my-project.test/
├── config/
│   └── ...
├── storage/
│   └── ...
├── templates/
│   └── ...
├── vendor/
│   └── ...
├── web/
│   └── ...
├── .env
├── .env.example
├── composer.json
├── craft
└── craft.bat

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If you want to learn about what all these folders and files are for and how to customize them, visit the Directory Structure page.

Step 2: Set the File Permissions

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If you used Composer to download Craft, you can probably safely skip this step.

For Craft to run properly, PHP needs to be able to write to the following places:

  • .env
  • composer.json
  • composer.lock
  • config/license.key
  • storage/*
  • vendor/*
  • web/cpresources/*

The exact permissions you should be setting depends on the relationship between the system user that PHP is running as, and who owns the actual folders/files.

  • If they are the same user, use 744.
  • If they’re in the same group, then use 774.
  • If you’re not sure and like to live life on the edge, use 777.

HEY IIS FANS

Make sure your site’s AppPool account has write permissions to these folders/files as well.

Step 3: Set a Security Key

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If you used Composer to download Craft, you can probably safely skip this step.

Each Craft project should have a unique security key, which is shared between each of the environments that the project is installed on.

You can generate and assign the key manually, or have Craft do it for you with a terminal command.

Set the Key Manually

First generate a cryptographically secure key, preferably using a password generator like 1Password. (There’s no length limit.)

Then open up your .env file (you may need to use an app like Transmit to do this if you’re running macOS), and find this line:

SECURITY_KEY=""

Paste your security key inside the quotes and save the file.

Set the Key from Your Terminal

In your terminal, go to your project’s root directory and run the following command:

./craft setup/security-key

Step 4: Create a Database

Next up, you need to create a database for your Craft project. Craft 3 supports both MySQL 5.5+ and PostgreSQL 9.5+.

If you’re given a choice, we recommend the following database settings in most cases:

  • MySQL

    • Default Character Set: utf8
    • Default Collation: utf8_unicode_ci
  • PostgreSQL

    • Character Set: UTF8

Step 5: Set up the Web Server

Create a new web server to host your Craft project. Its document root should point to your web/ directory (or whatever you’ve renamed it to).

If you’re not using MAMP or another localhosting tool, you will probably need to update your hosts file, so your computer knows to route requests to your chosen host name to the local computer.

  • macOS/Linux/Unix: /etc/hosts
  • Windows: \Windows\System32\drivers\etc\hosts

You can test whether you set everything up correctly by pointing your web browser to http://<Hostname>/index.php?p=admin/install (substituting <Hostname> with your web server’s host name). If Craft’s Setup Wizard is shown, the host name is correctly resolving to your Craft installation.

Step 6: Run the Setup Wizard

Finally, it’s time to run Craft’s Setup Wizard. You can either run that from your terminal or your web browser.

Terminal Setup

In your terminal, go to your project’s root directory and run the following command to kick off the Setup Wizard:

./craft setup

The command will ask you a few questions to learn how to connect to your database, and then kick off Craft’s installer. Once it’s done, you should be able to access your new Craft site from your web browser.

Web Browser Setup

In your web browser, go to http://<Hostname>/index.php?p=admin/install (substituting <Hostname> with your web server’s host name). If you’ve done everything right so far, you should be greeted by Craft’s Setup Wizard.

Craft Installation Screen

The first step of the installer is to accept the license agreement. Scroll down through the agreement (reading it all, of course) and click the “Got it” button to accept.

Craft Installation License Agreement

The second step is to enter your database connection information.

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If the Setup Wizard skips this step, it’s because Craft is already able to connect to your database.

Craft Installation Database Connection Information

The third step of the installer is to create an admin account. Don’t be one of those people and be sure to pick a strong password.

Craft Installation Create User Account

The final step is to define your System Name, Base URL, and Language.

Craft Installation System Settings

Click “Finish up” to complete the setup process. A few seconds later, you should have a working Craft install!

If it was successful, Craft will redirect your browser to the Control Panel.

Craft Installation Complete

Congratulations, you’ve just installed Craft!

Now build something incredible.