Db

Type
Class
Namespace
craft\helpers
Inherits
craft\helpers\Db
Since
3.0.0

Class Db

View source (opens new window)

# Public Methods

Method Description
areColumnTypesCompatible() Returns whether two column type definitions are relatively compatible with each other.
batch() Starts a batch query, similar to yii\db\Query::batch() (opens new window).
batchInsert() Creates and executes a batch INSERT SQL statement.
delete() Creates and executes a DELETE SQL statement.
deleteIfExists() Creates and executes a DELETE SQL statement, but only if there are any rows to delete, avoiding deadlock issues when deleting data from large tables.
dropAllForeignKeysToTable() Drops all the foreign keys that reference a table.
dropForeignKeyIfExists() Creates and executes a SQL statement for dropping a foreign key if it exists.
dropIndexIfExists() Creates and executes a SQL statement for dropping an index if it exists.
each() Starts a batch query and retrieves data row by row.
escapeCommas() Escapes commas in a string so the value doesn’t get interpreted as an array by craft\helpers\Db::parseParam().
escapeParam() Escapes commas and asterisks in a string so they are not treated as special characters in craft\helpers\Db::parseParam().
extractGlue() Extracts a “glue” param from an a param value.
findForeignKey() Looks for a foreign key on the given table with the given columns, and returns its name, or null if no match is found.
findIndex() Looks for an index on the given table with the given columns and unique property, and returns its name, or null if no match is found.
getMaxAllowedValueForNumericColumn() Returns the maximum number allowed for a given column type.
getMinAllowedValueForNumericColumn() Returns the minimum number allowed for a given column type.
getNumericalColumnType() Returns a number column type, taking the min, max, and number of decimal points into account.
getSimplifiedColumnType() Returns a simplified version of a given column type.
getTextualColumnStorageCapacity() Returns the maximum number of bytes a given textual column type can hold for a given database.
getTextualColumnTypeByContentLength() Given a length of a piece of content, returns the underlying database column type to use for saving.
idByUid() Returns the id of a row in the given table by its uid.
idsByUids() Returns an array uid:id pairs from a given table, by their uids.
insert() Creates and executes an INSERT SQL statement.
isNumericColumnType() Returns whether the given column type is numeric.
isTextualColumnType() Returns whether the given column type is textual.
isTypeSupported() Returns whether a given DB connection’s schema supports a column type.
normalizeParam() Normalizes a param value with a provided resolver function, unless the resolver function ever returns an empty value.
parseBooleanParam() Parses a query param value for a boolean column and returns a yii\db\QueryInterface::where() (opens new window)-compatible condition.
parseColumnLength() Parses a column type definition and returns just the column length/size.
parseColumnType() Parses a column type definition and returns just the column type, if it can be determined.
parseDateParam() Parses a query param value for a date/time column, and returns a yii\db\QueryInterface::where() (opens new window)-compatible condition.
parseDsn() Parses a DSN string and returns an array with the driver and any driver params, or just a single key.
parseMoneyParam() Parses a query param value for a money column, and returns a yii\db\QueryInterface::where() (opens new window)-compatible condition.
parseNumericParam() Parses a query param value for a numeric column and returns a yii\db\QueryInterface::where() (opens new window)-compatible condition.
parseParam() Parses a query param value and returns a yii\db\QueryInterface::where() (opens new window)-compatible condition.
prepareDateForDb() Prepares a date to be sent to the database.
prepareMoneyForDb() Prepares a money object to be sent to the database.
prepareValueForDb() Prepares a value to be sent to the database.
prepareValuesForDb() Prepares an array or object’s values to be sent to the database.
renameTable() Renames a table and its corresponding sequence (if PostgreSQL).
replace() Creates and executes an SQL statement for replacing some text with other text in a given table column.
reset() Resets the memoized database connection.
supportsTimeZones() Returns whether the database supports time zone conversions.
truncateTable() Creates and executes a TRUNCATE TABLE SQL statement.
uidById() Returns the uid of a row in the given table by its id.
uidsByIds() Returns an array id:uid pairs from a given table, by their ids.
update() Creates and executes an UPDATE SQL statement.
upsert() Creates and executes a command to insert rows into a database table if they do not already exist (matching unique constraints), or update them if they do.
url2config() Generates a DB config from a database connection URL.

# areColumnTypesCompatible()

Returns whether two column type definitions are relatively compatible with each other.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

boolean (opens new window)

# batch()

Since
3.7.0

Starts a batch query, similar to yii\db\Query::batch() (opens new window).

Each iteration will be a batch of rows.

foreach (Db::batch($query) as $batch) {
    foreach ($batch as $row) {
        // ...
    }
}

If using MySQL and $db is null, a new unbuffered (opens new window) DB connection will be created for the query so that the data can actually be retrieved in batches, to work around limitations (opens new window) with query batching in MySQL. Therefore keep in mind that the data retrieved by the batch query won’t reflect any changes that have been made over the main DB connection, if a transaction is currently active.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

yii\db\BatchQueryResult (opens new window) – The batched query to be iterated on

# batchInsert()

Since
3.5.0

Creates and executes a batch INSERT SQL statement.

The method will properly escape the column names, and bind the values to be inserted.

If the table contains dateCreated, dateUpdated, and/or uid columns, those values will be included automatically, if not already set.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

integer (opens new window) – The number of rows affected by the execution

Throws

# delete()

Since
3.5.0

Creates and executes a DELETE SQL statement.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

integer (opens new window) – The number of rows affected by the execution

Throws

# deleteIfExists()

Since
3.0.12

Creates and executes a DELETE SQL statement, but only if there are any rows to delete, avoiding deadlock issues when deleting data from large tables.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

integer (opens new window) – Number of rows affected by the execution

Throws

# dropAllForeignKeysToTable()

Since
4.0.0

Drops all the foreign keys that reference a table.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

# dropForeignKeyIfExists()

Since
4.0.0

Creates and executes a SQL statement for dropping a foreign key if it exists.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

# dropIndexIfExists()

Since
4.0.0

Creates and executes a SQL statement for dropping an index if it exists.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

# each()

Since
3.7.0

Starts a batch query and retrieves data row by row.

This method is similar to batch() except that in each iteration of the result, only one row of data is returned.

foreach (Db::each($query) as $row) {
    // ...
}

If using MySQL and $db is null, a new unbuffered (opens new window) DB connection will be created for the query so that the data can actually be retrieved in batches, to work around limitations (opens new window) with query batching in MySQL. Therefore keep in mind that the data retrieved by the batch query won’t reflect any changes that have been made over the main DB connection, if a transaction is currently active.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

yii\db\BatchQueryResult (opens new window) – The batched query to be iterated on

# escapeCommas()

Since
4.0.0

Escapes commas in a string so the value doesn’t get interpreted as an array by craft\helpers\Db::parseParam().

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

string (opens new window) – The escaped param value.

# escapeParam()

Escapes commas and asterisks in a string so they are not treated as special characters in craft\helpers\Db::parseParam().

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

string (opens new window) – The escaped param value.

# extractGlue()

Since
3.7.40

Extracts a “glue” param from an a param value.

Supported glue values are and, or, and not.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

  • $value (mixed)

Returns

string (opens new window), null (opens new window)

# findForeignKey()

Since
4.0.0

Looks for a foreign key on the given table with the given columns, and returns its name, or null if no match is found.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

string (opens new window), null (opens new window) – The foreign key name, or null if there isn’t a matching one.

# findIndex()

Since
4.0.0

Looks for an index on the given table with the given columns and unique property, and returns its name, or null if no match is found.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

string (opens new window), null (opens new window) – The index name, or null if there isn’t a matching one.

# getMaxAllowedValueForNumericColumn()

Returns the maximum number allowed for a given column type.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

integer (opens new window), false (opens new window) – The max allowed number, or false if it can't be determined

# getMinAllowedValueForNumericColumn()

Returns the minimum number allowed for a given column type.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

integer (opens new window), false (opens new window) – The min allowed number, or false if it can't be determined

# getNumericalColumnType()

Returns a number column type, taking the min, max, and number of decimal points into account.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

string (opens new window)

Throws

# getSimplifiedColumnType()

Returns a simplified version of a given column type.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

string (opens new window)

# getTextualColumnStorageCapacity()

Returns the maximum number of bytes a given textual column type can hold for a given database.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

integer (opens new window), null (opens new window), false (opens new window) – The storage capacity of the column type in bytes, null if unlimited, or false if it can't be determined.

# getTextualColumnTypeByContentLength()

Given a length of a piece of content, returns the underlying database column type to use for saving.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

string (opens new window)

Throws

# idByUid()

Since
3.1.0

Returns the id of a row in the given table by its uid.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

integer (opens new window), null (opens new window)

# idsByUids()

Since
3.1.0

Returns an array uid:id pairs from a given table, by their uids.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

integer (opens new window)[]

# insert()

Since
3.5.0

Creates and executes an INSERT SQL statement.

The method will properly escape the column names, and bind the values to be inserted.

If the table contains dateCreated, dateUpdated, and/or uid columns, those values will be included automatically, if not already set.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

integer (opens new window) – The number of rows affected by the execution

Throws

# isNumericColumnType()

Returns whether the given column type is numeric.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

boolean (opens new window)

# isTextualColumnType()

Returns whether the given column type is textual.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

boolean (opens new window)

# isTypeSupported()

Returns whether a given DB connection’s schema supports a column type.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

boolean (opens new window)

Throws

# normalizeParam()

Since
3.7.40

Normalizes a param value with a provided resolver function, unless the resolver function ever returns an empty value.

If the original param value began with and, or, or not, that will be preserved.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

  • $value (mixed) – The param value to be normalized
  • $resolver (callable (opens new window)) – Method to resolve non-model values to models

Returns

boolean (opens new window) – Whether the value was normalized

# parseBooleanParam()

Since
3.4.15

Parses a query param value for a boolean column and returns a yii\db\QueryInterface::where() (opens new window)-compatible condition.

The follow values are supported:

  • true or false
  • :empty: or :notempty: (normalizes to false and true)
  • 'not x' or '!= x' (normalizes to the opposite of the boolean value of x)
  • Anything else (normalizes to the boolean value of itself)

If $defaultValue is set, and it matches the normalized $value, then the resulting condition will match any null values as well.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

array (opens new window)

# parseColumnLength()

Parses a column type definition and returns just the column length/size.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

integer (opens new window), null (opens new window)

# parseColumnType()

Parses a column type definition and returns just the column type, if it can be determined.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

string (opens new window), null (opens new window)

# parseDateParam()

Parses a query param value for a date/time column, and returns a yii\db\QueryInterface::where() (opens new window)-compatible condition.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

string (opens new window), array (opens new window)

# parseDsn()

Since
3.4.0

Parses a DSN string and returns an array with the driver and any driver params, or just a single key.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

array (opens new window), string (opens new window), false (opens new window) – The full array, or the specific key value, or false if $key is a param that doesn’t exist in the DSN string.

Throws

# parseMoneyParam()

Since
4.0.0

Parses a query param value for a money column, and returns a yii\db\QueryInterface::where() (opens new window)-compatible condition.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

string (opens new window), array (opens new window)

# parseNumericParam()

Since
4.0.0

Parses a query param value for a numeric column and returns a yii\db\QueryInterface::where() (opens new window)-compatible condition.

The follow values are supported:

  • A number
  • :empty: or :notempty:
  • 'not x' or '!= x'
  • '> x', '>= x', '< x', or '<= x', or a combination of those

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

string (opens new window), array (opens new window)

Throws

# parseParam()

Parses a query param value and returns a yii\db\QueryInterface::where() (opens new window)-compatible condition.

If the $value is a string, it will automatically be converted to an array, split on any commas within the string (via craft\helpers\ArrayHelper::toArray()). If that is not desired behavior, you can escape the comma with a backslash before it.

The first value can be set to either and, or, or not to define whether all, any, or none of the values must match. (or will be assumed by default.)

Values can begin with the operators 'not ', '!=', '<=', '>=', '<', '>', or '='. If they don’t, '=' will be assumed.

Values can also be set to either ':empty:' or ':notempty:' if you want to search for empty or non-empty database values. (An “empty” value is either NULL or an empty string of text).

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

string (opens new window), array (opens new window)

Throws

# prepareDateForDb()

Prepares a date to be sent to the database.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

  • $date (mixed) – The date to be prepared

Returns

string (opens new window), null (opens new window) – The prepped date, or null if it could not be prepared

# prepareMoneyForDb()

Since
4.0.0

Prepares a money object to be sent to the database.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

  • $money (mixed) – The money to be prepared

Returns

string (opens new window), null (opens new window) – The prepped date, or null if it could not be prepared

# prepareValueForDb()

Prepares a value to be sent to the database.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

mixed – The prepped value

# prepareValuesForDb()

Prepares an array or object’s values to be sent to the database.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

  • $values (mixed) – The values to be prepared

Returns

array (opens new window) – The prepared values

# renameTable()

Since
4.0.0

Renames a table and its corresponding sequence (if PostgreSQL).

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

# replace()

Since
3.5.0

Creates and executes an SQL statement for replacing some text with other text in a given table column.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

integer (opens new window) – The number of rows affected by the execution

Throws

# reset()

Since
3.5.12.1

Resets the memoized database connection.

View source (opens new window)

# supportsTimeZones()

Since
3.6.16

Returns whether the database supports time zone conversions.

This could return false if MySQL’s time zone tables haven’t been populated yet. See https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.7/en/time-zone-support.html for more info.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

boolean (opens new window)

# truncateTable()

Since
3.6.8

Creates and executes a TRUNCATE TABLE SQL statement.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Throws

# uidById()

Since
3.1.0

Returns the uid of a row in the given table by its id.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

string (opens new window), null (opens new window)

# uidsByIds()

Since
3.1.0

Returns an array id:uid pairs from a given table, by their ids.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

string (opens new window)[]

# update()

Since
3.5.0

Creates and executes an UPDATE SQL statement.

The method will properly escape the column names and bind the values to be updated.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

integer (opens new window) – The number of rows affected by the execution

Throws

# upsert()

Since
3.5.0

Creates and executes a command to insert rows into a database table if they do not already exist (matching unique constraints), or update them if they do.

The method will properly escape the column names, and bind the values to be inserted.

If the table contains dateCreated, dateUpdated, and/or uid columns, those values will be included for new rows automatically, if not already set.

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

integer (opens new window) – The number of rows affected by the execution

Throws

# url2config()

Since
3.4.0

Generates a DB config from a database connection URL.

This can be used from config/db.php:

View source (opens new window)

Arguments

Returns

array (opens new window)

Example

$url = craft\helpers\App::env('CRAFT_DB_URL');
return craft\helpers\Db::url2config($url);

# Constants

Constant Description
GLUE_AND
GLUE_NOT
GLUE_OR
SIMPLE_TYPE_NUMERIC
SIMPLE_TYPE_TEXTUAL